Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that causes the airways in the lungs to become inflamed and narrow, making it difficult to breathe. Asthma attacks can be triggered by a variety of factors, including environmental factors such as pollution, smoke, and cold air, as well as respiratory infections, physical activity, and certain medications. Asthma is typically treated with medications such as inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators, which help to reduce inflammation and open the airways.
Allergies are an overreaction of the immune system to substances that are usually harmless, such as pollen, dust, or certain foods. Allergies can cause symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and runny nose, as well as asthma-like symptoms such as difficulty breathing and coughing. Allergies are typically treated with medications such as antihistamines and decongestants, which help to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms. In severe cases, allergy shots (immunotherapy) may be recommended to help desensitize the immune system to the allergen.
It is possible to have both asthma and allergies, and in these cases, treatment may involve managing both conditions simultaneously. If you are experiencing respiratory symptoms, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider to determine the cause and determine the appropriate treatment plan.