There are several diseases that can affect newborns. Some of the most common ones include:
Jaundice: This is a condition that causes a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to an excess of bilirubin in the blood. It is usually caused by the liver’s inability to process the bilirubin, which is a byproduct of red blood cell breakdown.
Respiratory distress syndrome: This is a condition that occurs when the baby’s lungs are not fully developed and they have difficulty breathing. It is more common in premature babies and can be treated with oxygen therapy.
Birth defects: These are structural abnormalities that are present at birth and can affect any part of the body. They can be caused by genetic factors, exposure to certain medications or substances during pregnancy, or other unknown causes.
Infections: Newborns can be at risk for infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. These infections can be serious and may require hospitalization and treatment with antibiotics.
It is important for newborns to be monitored closely for signs of any of these conditions and to receive prompt treatment if necessary.