A tooth filling is a dental procedure in which a dentist fills a cavity or a damaged area in a tooth. Cavities are caused by tooth decay, which is the breakdown of the outer layer of the tooth, known as the enamel, by bacteria. When a cavity is not treated, it can grow larger and deeper, eventually reaching the inner layer of the tooth called the pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels. This can cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss.

To fill a cavity, the dentist will first clean out the decayed area of the tooth and remove any remaining bacteria. They will then fill the cavity with a filling material, which can be made of a variety of substances, including amalgam (a mixture of metals), composite resin (a plastic-like material), gold, or porcelain. The filling material is used to restore the strength and function of the tooth.

After the filling is placed, the dentist will smooth and shape it to ensure that it fits properly and is comfortable for the patient. The filling will be allowed to harden before the dentist polishes it to a smooth finish. It is important to care for your teeth and fillings properly by brushing and flossing regularly to prevent further tooth decay. If you have any concerns or questions about tooth fillings, it is best to consult with a dentist.

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