During root canal treatment, a dentist or endodontist (a specialist in root canal treatment) will make an opening in the top of the tooth to access the inside of the tooth, known as the pulp chamber. The infected or damaged tissue is then removed from the pulp chamber and root canals (the small, thin channels inside the root of the tooth). The inside of the tooth is then cleaned and disinfected.
Once the inside of the tooth has been cleaned and disinfected, it is filled with a special filling material and sealed. A crown or filling may be placed on top of the tooth to protect it and restore its function.
Root canal treatment can be a complex and time-consuming procedure, but it can save a tooth that would otherwise need to be extracted. It is usually performed under local anesthesia to numb the area and make the procedure more comfortable.
If you are experiencing tooth pain or other symptoms that may indicate the need for root canal treatment, it is important to see a dentist or endodontist as soon as possible to determine the best course of treatment.